Plagiarism, Ghostwriting and Guest Authorship

Plagiarism means that significant parts of the article are not paraphrased and / or resources are not given, but are copied as in the original text. Also autoplagiarism is considered to be improper scientific practice, being defined as an author having published more than 10% of the article in another article. When an article already published in another language is offered for publication, the original publication should be mentioned in the first footnote.

Ghostwriting means that one or more authors, having made an important contribution to the article, are not mentioned as co-author(s). This also concerns not mentioning the role of persons having contributed in one or the other way to the publication.

Guest authorship (honorary authorship) means that a person is mentioned as the author or co-author of an article without having contributed at all to the article.

The editorial board of the journal implements anti-ghostwriting procedure and strict plagiarism detection policy.

All the detected cases of plagiarism, ghostwriting and plagiarism will be exposed, including notification of relevant institutions. All the authors must fulfill and sign the declaration concerning plagiarism, ghostwriting, and guest authorship.